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fkdief,k wêIaGdkfhka idys; fl; fmdaIKh l< Ô'î

Ô'î'fiakdkdhl hkq furg idys;H la‍fIa;%fha my< jQ §ma;su;a ;rejls' t;=ud 1913 cQ,s ui 10 jeks Èk l=reKE., Èia;%slalfha wUfldfÜ kï msáir .ïudkfha Wm; ,enqfõ h'

l=vd ld,fha b;d ÿIalr Èú fmfj;la .;lrñka isáh o" oeä wêIaGdkfhka hq;= j b;d È.= .ukla ú;a" t;=ud furg idys;H lafIa;%fha m%lg f,aLlfhla fjhs' <ud úfha mgka u fï f,aLlhd m;fmd; lsheùug oeä we,aula oelaùh' ;ud iy uj oeä l=i.skafka isáh § mjd lsheùu i|yd fmd;am;a ñ, § .;a nj Tyq u mjihs'

fiakdkdhlhkag mdi,a wOHdmkh ,nd .ekSug yels jQfha 7 jeks fYaKsh olajd muKs' tfy;a Tyq fkdlvjd lsheùu w;a fkd yf<a h' ta i|yd odhl jQ t;=udf.a úYajúoHd,h jQfha" fld<U uyck mqia;ld,hhs' t;=udf.a jákd ld,fhka fndfyda fõ,djla lem lf<a fï mqia;ld,hg ù" fmd;a m;a lsheùu i|yd h'

fmrÈ. fuka u" wmrÈ. fmd;am;a mßYS,kh lsÍfuka" t;=udg oekqï iïNdrhla ,nd.ekSug yels úh' wekagka fpflda*a" wef,lafikav¾ mqIalska" kslf,dhs f.df.d,a" ,sfhda fgda,aiafgdahs jeks reishdkq f,aLlhkaf.a m;fmd; muKla fkdj" n,aIdla" maf,dafnhd¾" .S o fudamidx jeks m%xY f,aLlhkaf.a m; fmd; o lshjd fu;=ud l%ufhka nyqY%e;fhla úh'

fiakdkdhl fld<U wdkkao úoHd,fhka uQ,sl wOHdmkh ,enqfõh' ud¾áka úl%uisxy iQÍkag fukau" fu;=udg úYajúoHd,hg we;=¿ ù Wiia wOHdmkh ,nd .ekSug wjia:dj fkd ,eìK' 1940 § fu;=ud “ÈkñK” mqj;am;g iïnkaO fjhs' tu mqj;amf;a m;% l,dfõÈhl= jYfhka Tyq foj;djla u fiajh lf<ah' “ÈkñK” m%Odk l¾;D ud¾áka úl%uisxy iQÍka oek y÷kd.ekSug fiakdkdhlg fuys§ wjia:dj Wodfjhs' th Tyqf.a Ôú;hg uy;a wdf,dalhla úh' tfy;a" miqj mqj;am;al,dfõ§ ;k;=frka b,a,d wiafjk fiakdkdhl ;u fmd;am;a úls”fuka Ôúldj f.khdug wêIaGdk lr .kshsÔ'î'fiakdkdhl úúO idys;H lafIa;%hka yryd ;u l=i,;dj úoyd olajhs' Tyq kj ux Tiafia .uka l< lúfhls∙ ir, nia jyrlska mdGl is;a weo ne| ;nd.;a lD;yia; flál;dlrefjls∙ iïNdjH kjl;dlrefjls∙ <ud m;fmd; ,shQ f,aLlfhls∙ mßj¾;lfhls∙ wkqjdolfhls∙ Ydia;%Sh m; fmd; ,shQ Wiia .Kfha f,aLlfhls'

fiakdkdhlhka jvd;a m%p,s; jkafka" mdGl is;a .%yKh lr.;a flál;dlrefjl= jYfhks “ÿmam;=ka ke;s f,dalh” ^1945& Tyqf.a m%:u flál;d ix.%yhhs' fï flál;d ix.%yh" isxy, flál;dfõ ikaêia:dkhla f,i ie,flhs' flál;dfõ jia;= úIhg jvd Ys,amSh wxYh flfrys úfYaI wjOdkhla fhduq jkafka" Tyqf.a m<s.ekSu ^1946& kue;s flál;d ix.%yh rpkd lsÍfuka miqj h' fudamidxf.a flál;d l,dfõ wdNdih fiakdkdhlf.a ks¾udKj, oelsh yelsh' l=;=y,h okjk f,i l;dj bÈßm;alr" wkfmalaIs; isÿùulska l;dj wjika lsÍu fudamixf.a l;d l,dfõ ,laIKhls' fiakdkdhl o ksOdkh" yDoh jia;=j" jeks flál;d ks¾udKh lr ;sfnkafka" l=;=y,h okjk f,i bÈßm;a lr" wkfmalaIs; isÿùulska wjika jk mßÈ h' óg wu;r j Tyq ñ;=ßh" .uk" kegqu" wE; neÆu hk flál;d ix.%y m< flf<a h' fï idys;Hlrejd wudj;=r nq;airK" ioaO¾ur;akdj,sh" cd;l l;d fmd; wd§ iïNdjH .%ka:hkays wdNdifhka o ;u ks¾udK l,dj fmdaIKh lr .;af;a h' t;=ud úiska rÑ; fjila myk" yDoh jia;=j" ksOdkh" ldka;s jeks flál;d ;ju;a mdGl yoj;a ;=< Ôj;a fjhs' fuhg n,md we;af;a t;=ud i;=j ;snQ iqúfYaI f,aLk ffY,shhs' t;=udg tfrysj isxy, flál;dfõ fudaia;rlrejd f,iska" .=Kodi wurfialrhka lrk m%ldYh ms<s.; fkd yelsh'

fiakdkdhl jvd;a m%p,s; jkafka" ksi|eia lúhl= jYfhks' Tyq isxy, ksi|eia ldjHfha mqfrda.dñhd f,i fmdÿfõ ms<s.efkhs'

1946 § Tyq .oH fyda moH fkdjk rpkd wgla ish m<s.ekSu kue;s flál;d ix.%yhg we;=¿ flf<ah' fï ldjH iïm%odh flfrys mdGlhdf.a wjOdkh jvd;a fhduq jQfha" fiakdkdhl úiska rÑ; ´ud¾ Lhshdïf.a renhshdÜ ^1954& ldjHh isxy,hg mßj¾;kh lsÍfuka miqj h' fiakdkdhlhka úiska wdrïN lrk ,o ksi|eia ldjH iïm%odh miqlf,l isß .=Kisxy uekúka jgydf.k furg m%p,s; lf<a h'

fï f,aLlhdf.a m<s.ekSu ^1946& kue;s flál;d ix.%yfhys ksi|eia moH wgla we;=¿ lr ;snqK;a" Bg fmr 2496 fjila l,dmfha Tyq úiska rÑ; ksioeia lú fm<la we;' fiakdkdhl m%ldY lrk mßÈ fla'tï'isßfiakhkaf.a fj<|du kue;s i.rdfõ odihd kñka ksioeia moHhla m<lr we;' fuh ;udf.a m%:u ksioeia moHh fia fiakdkdhl u fmkajd fohs' oe,a ljq¿j ^1973&" ú£ï ^1975& yd fijKe,s ^1990& Tyq f.a wfkl=;a ldjH ix.%yfhda fj;s'fiakdkdhlhka kjl;dlrejl= jYfhka o isxy, kjl;d la‍fIa;%fha jeo.;a ;ekla Wiq,k nj fmfka'

Tyq úiska miqld,fha ,shk ,o kjl;dj,g jvd" uq,a ld,fha rÑ; kjl;d b;d id¾:l ks¾udK fõ' tfy;a uq,a hq.fha § Tyq úiska rÑ; fïOd" pdreuqL" jro;a; jeks kjl;dj,g idOdrKhla bgq jQfha ke;' bka§h iudcfha uq,a ld,h miqìï lrf.k rÑ; fï l;d fndfyduhla" úYaj idys;Hhg mjd bÈßm;a l< yelsfõ' tfy;a tl, ud¾áka úl%uisxy" tÈßùr irÉpkao% wd§kag ysñjQ ia:dkh" fiakdkdhlhkag fkd,enqK nj lk.dgqfjka jqj o u;la l< hq;=h' fiakdkdhlhkag iriú isiq mrmqrla fkdisàu fuhg tla fya;=jla úh' ;j;a fya;= lsysmhla fï i|yd n,mEfõh' 1968 j¾Ifha mgka w'fmd'i' ^W'fm'& isxy, úIh i|yd kshñ; j ;snQ Tyqf.a “jro;a;” b;d .eUqßka ukqIH;ajh újrKh lrk kjl;djls' tu kjl;dfõ ud;Dldjg fhdod we;af;a" whym;a mqoa.,hl= f,i ie,flk jro;a;f.a kduhhs' pß; ksrEmKfhys ,d fiakdkdhl olajk fl!Y,Hh fï kjl;dfjka uekúka fmfka'

;u wdorKsh mq;d uerE wmrdOldrhdg mjd ueÈy;a isf;lska n,d wkqlïmdj olajk mshl= .ek fï l;dfjka lshefjhs' fiakdkdhl fï l;dfjys tk jro;a;f.aa lsisÿ ixjdohla bÈßm;a fkdlrhs' jro;a;f.a pß;h ksrEmKh flfrkafka wfkl=;a pß;j, ixjdo u.ska h' l;=jrhd bÈßhg fkd tkafka h' fïOd" pdreuqL" wjr.sr" r< ì÷u" lelEß,a," Wr.," l=udßydñ we;=¿j kjl;d ody;rla fiakdkdhlhka úiska rpkd lr ;sfí' Tyqf.a miqld,Sk kjl;dj,g idys;H iïudk ,enqK;a" uq,a ld,Sk kjl;dj,ska Bg jvd .eUqßka Ôú;h újrKh flfrhs'

iqrx.kd l;d ,sùug o fiakdkdhl iqúfYaI yelshdjla olajhs' u,a l=udß" yd,a ueiaid" ySkh" wU l;dj" uyd f,daNhd" r;a y÷ka rEmh" ta w;frka lsysmhls' <uhska ;=< Wiia .=Kdx. we;s lsÍfï wruqfKka Tyq fïjd rpkd lr ;sfí' rgg oehg yd iuhg wdorh lrk <ud msßila ìyslsÍu;a" i;=kag yd mßirhg wdorh lrk <ud msßila yod jvd .ekSu;a" fïjdfhka wfmalaId flf¾' Tyqf.a ‘rKrd,’ lD;sh ;reK mrmqrg .e<fmk f,i rpkd lr we;af;a h'

fiakdkdhlhka úiska rÑ; Ydia;%Sh .%ka: lsysmh j¾;udkfha W.;=kaf.a m%idohg md;%fjhs' idys;H fiai;a" úpdr m%fõYh" ngysr fYaIaG kjl;d" idys;H O¾u;dj" kjl;d l,dj" idys;H ú.%yh fïjd w;=frka lsysmhls' óg wu;rj Ô'î'fiakdkdhl pß;dmodk ,sùfuys o wmQre l=i,;djla olajhs' úks ú¢ñ w÷r" idys;H o¾Yk is;=ú,s" uu tod iy wo" uf.a is;=ï me;=ï Tyqf.a pß;dmodkhka jkafka h' úksú¢ñ wÿr kue;s iajhx pß;dmodkfhka" fiakdkdhlf.a Ôú;fha .uka uÛ .ek ljrl=g jqj o ukd jegySula ,nd.ekSug yelsfõ' wd¾:sl mSvkfhka fyïn;a j isá fï idys;Hlrejdf.a fkdief,k wêIaGdk Yla;sh yd ffO¾hh" Tyqf.a pß;dmodkj,ska .uH fõ'uq,a ld,fha § we.ehSulg md;% fkdjQj o" fiakdkdhl iQÍkaf.a jákdlu wjidkfha § Y%S chj¾Okmqr úYajúoHd,hg oeksK' tu iriúfhka 1983 § fiakdkdhlhka fj; idys;H iQÍ iïudk Wmdêh msßkeñK'

uq,a ld,fha § fï f,aLlhdf.a jákdlu jvd;a fyd¢ka jgydf.k Tyqf.a lD;Ska ms<sn| j yrj;a idys;H úpdrhka lrk ,oafoa" Èjx.; kkaofiak r;akmd,hka we;=¿ lsysm fofkl= muKs' fiakdkdhlhkaf.a fofk;a wkaO jkafka" Tyqf.a uyÆ jhfia § h' tfy;a Tyq ;u {d;s orejkaf.a wdOdr Wmldr ,ndf.k ;j ;j;a m;fmd; ,Sfõh'

fuhska èjks; jkafka fiakdkdhlhka ;=< f,aLk l,djg ;snqK oeä <eÈhdj" Wkkaÿj iy lemùuhs' fï uyd úh;a f,aLlhd 1985 ud¾;= 16 jeksod wm w;ßka ioyg u fjkaùh' tfy;a t;=ud lsis Èkl isxy, idys;H l,dfjka uld oeñh fkd yels h'

frdayK jxY;s,l